Historical population figures from previous decennial censuses for Missouri state and counties and incorporated places, plus links to national historical data sites.
Other Missouri Indicators
- Population by County by Age by Sex, 1940-1990: Excel | PDF
- Population Density, 1900-2000 [Land Area; Pop. Per Sq. Miles]: Excel | PDF
- Population and Components of Change, 1930-2004 [Births, Deaths, Natural Increase, Net Migration]: Excel | PDF
- Employed Population by County by Industry by Sex, 1930-1990: Excel | PDF
U.S. and Other Sites
- Census Bureau — the Bureau's historical data page.
- Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States. Cited from the above historical data page. The Missouri portion of this data collection reports for 5 large cities: Independence, Kansas City, St. Joseph, St. Louis, and Springfield.
- Integrated Public Microdata Use Series. "IPUMS" is one of the all-time great sites for serious demographic / historical research.
- NHGIS (National Historical Geographic Information System) at the University of Minnesota features aggregate census data covering over two centuries (1790 to 2000). The site includes access to shapefiles that can be used to map the data.
- Social Explorer from the City University of New York, provides easy access to demographic information about the United States, from 1940 to 2010. Maps and reports. This is a subscription service, which is not cheap. They offer a 30-day free trial version.